Ultimate Guide to Electronic Waste: Is E-waste Thread of Future?

eWaste | 20 min Read
electronic waste

What is Electronic Waste

Electronic waste or e-waste is the term used to explain unusable electronic products that are either broken, undesired, or at the end of their lifespan. Electronic wastes can be recycled and the materials can be reused in different products. Electronic device use is increasing rapidly. In their daily life, everyone contributes to this growing pile of electronic waste. Due to this contribution, the toxic chemicals and hazardous waste released from e-waste are increasingly continuing to poison the environment. 

Whether it is at home or work, we use electronics and produce electronic waste. Only 17.4% of e-waste discarded in 2019 was recycled. When considered, it is evident that this percentage is very deficient and endangers the planet. 

What are Examples of e-waste?

Electronic waste can be categorized into eight different categories:

  1. Small Household Appliances: Food processor, coffee makers, irons, hairdryers, fryers.
  2. Large Household Appliances: Air conditioner appliances, refrigerators, freezers, washing machines, dishwashers.
  3. ICT and Telecommunications Equipment: Video cameras, CD/DVDs, personal computers, telephones, mobile phones, laptops, printers, scanners, photocopiers.
  4. Medical Equipment: Radiotherapy equipment, scanners, electronic laboratory equipment, freezers, pulmonary ventilators, cardiology equipment, dialysis equipment.
  5. Consumer Equipment: Tools for nailing, screwing, stereo equipment, electric toothbrushes, sewing machines, tools for gardening.
  6. Toys Leisure and Sports Equipment: Video game consoles, car racing sets, electric trains, computers for biking, sports equipment with electric or electronic components.
  7. Lighting Equipment: Fluorescent lamps, electronic ballast.
  8. Office Equipment: Calculators, photocopying equipment, electrical and electronic typewriters.

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electronic waste

Steps of E-waste Recycling:

The reprocessing and re-use of electronic wastes are referred to as e-waste recycling or weee recycling. In other words, it’s a method for recovering materials from electronic waste. You can use the recycled materials in new electronic items this way.

So what components of electronic waste can be recycled?

  • Plastic
  • Metal
  • Glass
  • Batteries
  • Hard Discs
  • Circuit boards
  • Mercury

Recycling Steps

  1. Collecting and transporting the materials to recycling facilities.
  2. Sorting and shredding the waste into proper pieces. At this step the shredded waste is sorted manually (fluorescent light, batteries, and toner cartridges should not be crushed or shredded by hand.).
  3. Dust Extraction. During this step small waste particles are evenly distributed on the conveyor belt thanks to a shaking action. The dust is extracted and disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner.
  4. Magnetic Separation. Steel and iron are separated with an overhead magnet.
  5. Water Separation technology is used to separate plastic and glass.
  6. Recovery step is the last part of e-waste recycling. The sorted materials are ready for reuse and sale.

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How to dispose electronic waste: Perspectives from world

Do you know that around the world only 10% of electronic waste is recycled? It is a very small percentage. The other 90% of the electronic waste is going to be thrown away, be burned or be illegally traded. 

Moreover, the electronic waste contains chemicals like mercury, lead, beryllium, and cadmium that are threats to people’s health and the environment’s healthy functioning. When electronics manage poorly during the disposal process then these chemicals are concluded in our planet’s soil, water, and air. 

The world’s fastest-growing waste stream is electronic waste. Furthermore, the estimated amount is almost 52.2 million metric tonnes by 2021, and that amount of electronic waste stands for the weight of nearly 4,500 Eiffel towers

electronic waste

For the sake of nature 90% of electronic waste globally is so dangerous. That’s why we need to learn how to dispose of our electronic waste. And also it is important to learn the waste recycling process for your businesses.

Globally, 53.6 million metric tonnes of electronic waste was generated according to a UN report. And the leading countries of electronic waste are, respectively, China, U.S, India, Japan, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, Germany, U.K and France.

Leading examples in electronic waste management

Most countries have difficulties in managing their electronic waste. However, some unique and successful examples from the world are valuable such as Switzerland. In Switzerland, they collect their electronic waste and recycle 75%  of their waste. By collecting and recycling, Switzerland has great success in asset management. And also, citizen management is very crucial in the Switzerland example. Due to that, there is a strong recycling culture within the country. 

In the Tokyo Olympics, Japan has become a role model in electronic waste management. Japan wanted to take attention to the importance of recycling in the subject of waste management. This purpose resulted in the Medal Project, which aims to create all the Olympic Medals of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics from recycled electronic wastes. Japan used all kinds of recyclable electronic waste such as cell phones that were gathered from all over their country. And they created the Tokyo 2020 Olympics medals from recycled electronic waste. 

electronic waste

Another example is from Singapore, which recycles a large proportion of its electronic waste. There is a great success in Singapore because they adapt themselves to the latest technologies in waste management solutions. These high-techs are valuable to consider on waste management solutions. One of the greatest examples of the latest technologies in waste management is RFID technology (radio-frequency identification system) which makes it easier to track waste trucks and improves efficiency. Another instance of the latest technology in waste management is MRF ( material recovery facility), which increases the efficiency of your waste management. 

 Furthermore, Malaysia will be utilizing our solutions in their electronic waste disposal. Because of Evreka, we ensure efficiency and improvement in the quality of your business’s waste management. With our software and hardware solutions, it is effortless for your business to manage your electronic waste. 

Electronic waste

Where can I get rid of old electronics?

As we mentioned before, efficient electronic waste management is very important for a better future. And there is a significant lack in electronic waste disposal, as globally 90% of electronic waste is not recycled. 

Electronic waste recycling has a valuable role in our steps globally for a better future. Singapore, Switzerland and very soon Malaysia are the leading countries for efficient electronic waste disposal. Hopefully, in the near future, 100% of electronic waste will be recycled. And electronic waste that is in the weight of nearly 4,500 Eiffel towers will not be created by human beings.

After acknowledging the importance of electronic waste management, If you are asking yourself where can I get rid of old electronics then your answer is here

You can make use of operation management or asset management in your business. It is very easy to utilize and also efficient for your business. 

The steps you can take for efficient electronic waste disposal with Evreka are designed meticulously. Today, choose Evreka in your business’s waste management process and meet with the best

For further information and your questions contact us or request a demo

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