What is Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)?

What Is the Meaning of Municipal Solid Waste?

In a world where millions of people live, every product made to raise people’s living standards is finally left to nature as mountains of solid waste. This has become one of the most critical environmental challenges we are currently faced with. According to the World Bank, worldwide, 2.01 billion tons of municipal solid waste is generated annually! Obviously, dealing with the solid waste problem is the responsibility of all humanity. First of all, more responsible consumption habits must replace consumption frenzy, and individual awareness about waste has to increase.

It is also clear that such large amounts of waste cannot be dealt with only with individual awareness or traditional solid waste management. Almost all solid waste management steps are mainly the responsibility of local governments and municipalities, from doing projects to raising citizen awareness to segregation of waste at source. So, what is solid waste, and what can improper management lead to?

Starting with Solid Waste System

Solid waste is defined as the range of garbage materials that are discarded as unwanted and useless. Solid waste is generated from industrial, residential, and commercial activities in a given area and is handled in various ways.

Types of Solid Waste

Garbage is mainly considered as a solid waste that includes wastes from our houses (household waste), food wastes, wastes from offices, schools, etc. (municipal wastes), and wastes from factories and industries (industrial wastes). Other than that, oil, medical, industrial, and hospital waste are called hazardous solid waste. The type of waste is based on material, such as paper, glass, plastic, metal, and organic waste.

Municipal Solid Waste

According to the definition and type of waste, municipal solid waste is primarily produced by domestic households. In other words, most municipal solid waste comes from household consumption. However, it also includes some commercial and industrial wastes.

Municipal Solid Waste Examples

The municipal solid waste consists of everyday items we use and then throw away, such as packaging, grass clippings, bottles, furniture, clothing, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. These come from our homes, businesses, schools, and hospitals.

As seen in the examples, almost everything humans do leaves some waste. Therefore, municipal solid waste reflects the culture and consumption patterns of the people living in that area. You can learn a lot about a city by looking at the different municipal solid waste districts! However, if this large amount of garbage is not properly managed, its damage to the environment will be equally massive.

Municipal Solid Waste Management

Globally, waste governance is becoming formalized and regionalized. Waste tends to be managed officially at a municipal or regional scale. For example, the amount and types of municipal solid waste emerging in industrialized cities are different from those in other cities, so localization is essential. Hence, municipalities have to provide an effective and efficient municipal waste system.

Though, they are often facing many problems beyond the ability of the municipal authority to handle the municipal solid waste. These troubles are due to complexity, lack of financial resources, and lack of organization. But inefficient waste management causes modification of the ecosystems, including water, air, and soil pollution. In this way, improper municipal solid waste disposal and recycling pose a significant environmental threat.

Half of the annual 2.01 billion tons of municipal solid waste is composted, recycled, and ends up in the overcapacity municipal solid waste landfill. Unfortunately, the remaining 50% of total waste generated worldwide is not appropriately managed. Instead, this municipal waste is dumped in rivers, on land, and seas, as well as openly burned.

Municipal Solid Waste Pollution

One of the significant sources of environmental problems is incorrect collecting and disposing of municipal solid waste in urban areas. The waste streams originating from industrial solid waste sources are different from the hazardous substances in household waste. That is a global issue and can cause real problems for many industries, from factories to farms and hospitals to hotels. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can cause unsanitary conditions, and these conditions, in turn, can lead to pollution of the environment, like The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. If we cannot stop the growing garbage crisis, living things’ lives will be endangered due to many factors, from water pollution to large carbon emissions. So, proper solid waste collection, management, and disposal are essential for public health, safety, and environmental quality.

Future of Municipal Solid Waste Services

It’s vital to have a qualified municipal waste management solution. A solid waste management system is required that carriesto carry out every step with data, from route optimization in the collection to safe and cost-effective transition, from and effective communication to the management of recycling facilities. So, future management of municipal solid waste will be an integrated approach involving cutting-edge hardware and software solutions, that is, Evreka products!

Always Better with Evreka

Evreka, a global SaaS company, has improved every municipal solid waste management stage with its digital and end-to-end integrated solutions. Thanks to state-of-the-art and customizable hardware and software solutions, operational efficiency, data-supported strategies, and cost-effective management are possible. Let’s examine some Evreka’s products together.

Citizen Management

Evreka’s Citizen Management module provides effective communication between authorities and citizens. Therefore, citizens:

  • Can learn the locations of the containers and get information about the selected ones.
  • Can learn the changes in the collection calendar, plans, and regions.
  • Request a new service if it deems necessary.

Asset Management

Thanks to Evreka’s Asset Management Module, authorities can reach complete control of assets at the municipal solid waste collection. With the Fill Level Sensors, managers can learn the occupancy rate and location of the containers with real-time data. Also:

  • Inventory management is facilitated by the accurate and instant display of stocks.
  • Assets destruction and loss are eliminated.
  • Accurate strategies are established with old and new data.

Fleet Management

The Fleet Management module also creates an ecofriendly and efficient route by optimizing collection and transportation and enabling total control of the fleet! This way, authorities can:

  • Display vehicle-based, driver-based, and time-based status of the fleet.
  • Make the necessary changes and increase agility with instant notifications.
  • Add new vehicles to the fleet.
  • Connect the related devices to the vehicles.
  • Learn all the information about vehicles up to maintenance times.

Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) Management

For municipal solid waste recycling to be effective, the process must be carried out with cutting-edge technology, and you can achieve this with the MRF Management module. This way,

  • Full inbound and outbound control is provided.
  • Material flow data is displayed without error.
  • The entire process can be viewed with a mobile app.

Operation Management

This module combines almost all solid waste service modules offered by Evreka, making it easier for managers. This way:

  • Tasks can be revised with real-time data.
  • All notifications from fleet, citizens, customers, employees, and assets can be viewed on a single screen.
  • Efficiency and productivity can be increased with reports and mobile app.

To take advantage of these advanced solutions, request a demo today, and Be #AlwaysBetter with Evreka!


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