Industrialization has brought both good and bad aspects to the world together with the advanced technological developments. To overcome this, the world is developing smart waste management solutions. Waste management includes the handling of both liquid and solid waste for the waste disposal to occur in a most optimal way. It also provides a range of options for recycling products that aren’t classified as garbage during the procedure.
Solid waste production is one of the detrimental results of industrialization. The rate of waste being produced by human beings is growing all over the world. In 2016, it was revealed that cities around the world produced 2.01 billion tonnes of solid waste which equated to 0.74 kilograms per person per day. Therefore, solid waste has been a problem for as long as people have lived in villages and residential areas. Waste management is concerned with how that solid waste can be transformed and turned into a useful resource. Every household, including business owners all over the world, should adopt solid waste management.
Solid waste refers to a wide variety of garbage items that are discarded as unnecessary and worthless as a result of animal and human activities. Solid waste is produced in a given area as a result of agricultural, residential, and commercial activities, and it can be treated in a number of ways. As a consequence, landfills are generally categorized into four categories such as sanitary, urban, building & demolition and industrial waste sides. The waste management landfill is one of the most environment-friendly and popular methods of waste management. In 2009, the United States had about 30,000 landfills.
Garbage, sewage, and other waste materials are collected, transported, and disposed of in waste management. The word solid waste management refers to the method of collecting and handling solid wastes. It also provides recycling choices for things that do not belong in the garbage or trash.
The primary aim of solid waste management is to minimize and eradicate the harmful effects of waste materials on human health and the environment in order to facilitate economic growth and a higher quality of life. This must be done in the most effective way possible in order to keep costs down and waste from accumulating.
As the field of solid waste management grows, strategies are explored more systematically and holistically which results in Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM). In the field of waste management, for example, ISWM is becoming increasingly relevant. It is the process of selecting and implementing effective waste management systems, technologies, and strategies in order to meet specific waste management goals and objectives.
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